15. Music and The Brain: The science behind how and why music influences our emotions, feelings, and behaviors. In conversation with Dr. Amy Belfi Assistant Professor at Missouri University of Science and Technology.

15. Music and The Brain: The science behind how and why music influences our emotions, feelings, and behaviors. In conversation with Dr. Amy Belfi Assistant Professor at Missouri University of Science and Technology.

Amy Belfi-Music and The Brain-The neuroscience behind how and why music influences our emotions feelings and behaviors.png

Episode 14: In conversation with Amy Belfi, Assistant Professor at Missouri University of Science and Technology.

Music and The Brain:

The science behind how and why music influences our emotions, feelings, and behaviors.

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My guest today is my friend Dr. Amy Belfi. We met for the first time when I visited her at New York University in 2017, when she was a Postdoctoral Associate in the Department of Psychology.

Today, Amy is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychological Science at Missouri S&T, where she also is a mentor and a teacher. Amy has a B.A. in Psychology from St. Olaf College, a Ph.D. in Neuroscience from the University of Iowa, and a postdoctoral training from NYU.

Her amazing research is all about music and the brain, where she is super curious about answering questions such us; why does a song have the ability to evoke the feeling of chills down our spine, and why does music remind us of memories that we have long forgotten from our past?

She has received 22 honors and rewards, reached 30 + publications and when Amy is not conducting research she is educating the world about her fascinating findings in major conferences.

In this episode, Amy and I discuss the ins and outs of her research findings, on how and why music influences our thoughts, emotions, feelings, and behaviors.

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Full version vlog episode

Music Cognition | Autobiographical Memories | Aesthetic Judgments of Music

“High Energy Music During Driving Elevates Positive Mood for the Day Ahead."

Dr. Amy Belfi, Assistant Professor at Missouri University Tweet

SOUNDBITES

#1 The Music Cognition Career Journey of Dr. Amy Belfi.
#2 Name the Tune: Left Temporal Polar is the Part of Our Brain We Use for Naming Songs. (06:22)
#3 Music Evokes Autobiographical Memories More Vivid than Visuals. (10:54)
#4 People Esthetically Judge a Piece of Music Less than a Second. The Perception of Your Choice of Brand Music Matter. (17:54)
#5 Choosing Famous Songs in Audio Branding may not be Beneficial. (21:28)
#6 High Energy Music During Driving Elevates Positive Mood for the Day Ahead – a Study  by Ford Spotify and NYU. (24:16)
#7 – Why is Music Important, and Why do we Like it so Much? (28:25)
– How does Our Brain make the Decision of our Taste in Music? (30:58)
– Why does a Song have the Ability to Evoke the Feeling of Chills down our Spine? (32:48)
#8 Aesthetic Judgments of Live and Recorded Music. (37:36)

The Music Cognition Career Journey of Dr. Amy Belfi.

Amy Belfi is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychological Science at Missouri in the United States.

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Name the Tune: Left Temporal Polar is he Part of Our Brain We Use for Naming Songs.

Dr. Amy Belfi: "They could name most of the melodies the people with damage elsewhere in the brain also were really good at the task".

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Music Evokes Autobiographical
Memories More Vivid than Visuals.

Dr. Amy Belfi: "Music is strong intertwined with our memories and emotions. For example hearing a song from our past can transport us back in time".

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People Esthetically Judge a Piece of Music Less than a Second.

Dr. Amy Belfi: "Within less than a second people were forming opinions, and they're making a set of judgments about how much they like the music".

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Choosing famous songs in Audio Branding may not be beneficial.

Dr. Amy Belfi: "In terms of like brands using famous melodies. I can see how that might be a negative, because everybody has associations with these melodies whether good...

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High Energy Music During Driving Elevates Positive Mood for the Day Ahead

Dr. Amy Belfi: "The most interesting part was that the people who had the high valence playlists showed the most changes in their positive mood".

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Why is music important,
and why do we like it so much?

Dr. Amy Belfi: "Music is important, and we like it so much as it is an aspect of our behavior and our everyday lives. It's something that people really...

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Aesthetic Judgments of Live and Recorded Music.

Dr. Amy Belfi: "How is experiencing a live concert different from experiencing a streamed concert or watching a recorded concert?"

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Dr. Amy Belfi's Publications

TITLE
CITED 
YEAR
Music evokes vivid autobiographical memories
AM Belfi, B Karlan, D Tranel
Memory 24 (7), 979-989
85 2016
Dynamics of aesthetic experience are reflected in the default-mode network
AM Belfi, EA Vessel, A Brielmann, AI Isik, A Chatterjee, H Leder, DG Pelli, ...
NeuroImage 188, 584-597
31 2019
Damage to the insula is associated with abnormal interpersonal trust
AM Belfi, TR Koscik, D Tranel
Neuropsychologia 71, 165-172
25 2015
Impaired naming of famous musical melodies is associated with left temporal polar damage.
AM Belfi, D Tranel
Neuropsychology 28 (3), 429-435
23 2014
Masculinity/femininity predicts brain volumes in normal healthy children
AM Belfi, AL Conrad, J Dawson, P Nopoulos
Developmental neuropsychology 39 (1), 25-36
23 2014
Individual ratings of vividness predict aesthetic appeal in poetry.
AM Belfi, EA Vessel, GG Starr
Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts 12 (3), 341
22 2018
Musical anhedonia after focal brain damage
AM Belfi, E Evans, J Heskje, J Bruss, D Tranel
Neuropsychologia 97, 29-37
18 2017
The cognitive and behavioral effects of meningioma lesions involving the ventromedial prefrontal cortex
TJ Abel, K Manzel, J Bruss, AM Belfi, MA Howard, D Tranel
Journal of neurosurgery 124 (6), 1568-1577
17 2016
The default-mode network represents aesthetic appeal that generalizes across visual domains
EA Vessel, AI Isik, AM Belfi, JL Stahl, GG Starr
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116 (38), 19155-19164
14 2019
Musical anhedonia and rewards of music listening: current advances and a proposed model
AM Belfi, P Loui
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1464 (1), 99-114
11 2020
Rapid timing of musical aesthetic judgments.
AM Belfi, A Kasdan, J Rowland, EA Vessel, GG Starr, D Poeppel
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (10), 1531
10 2018
Neurological damage disrupts normal sex differences in psychophysiological responsiveness to music
AM Belfi, KH Chen, B Schneider, D Tranel
Psychophysiology 53 (1), 14-20
6 2016
Damage to the medial prefrontal cortex impairs music-evoked autobiographical memories.
AM Belfi, B Karlan, D Tranel
Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain 28 (4), 201
5 2018
Anomia for musical entities
AM Belfi, A Kasdan, D Tranel
Aphasiology 33 (4), 382-404
4 2019
Neural correlates of recognition and naming of musical instruments.
AM Belfi, J Bruss, B Karlan, TJ Abel, D Tranel
Neuropsychology 30 (7), 860
4 2016
The famous melodies stimulus set: Development and normative data
AM Belfi, K Kacirek
Poster presented at the Biennial meeting of the Society for Music Perception …
3 2019
The left temporal pole is a convergence region mediating the relation between names and semantic knowledge for unique entities: Further evidence from a “recognition-from-name …
B Schneider, J Heskje, J Bruss, D Tranel, AM Belfi
cortex 109, 14-24
3 2018
Emotional valence and vividness of imagery predict aesthetic appeal in music.
AM Belfi
Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain 29 (2-3), 128
2 2019
A neuropsychological investigation of music, emotion, and autobiographical memory
AM Belfi
University of Iowa
2 2015
The famous melodies stimulus set
AM Belfi, K Kacirek
Behavior Research Methods 53 (1), 34-48
  2021
Musical reward across the lifespan
AM Belfi, GL Moreno, M Gugliano, C Neill
Aging & Mental Health, 1-8
  2021
Aesthetic judgments of live and recorded music: Effects of congruence between musical artist and piece
AM Belfi, DW Samson, J Crane, NL Schmidt
Frontiers in psychology 12
  2021
Embracing Anti-Racist Practices in the Music Perception and Cognition Community
DJ Baker, A Belfi, S Creel, J Grahn, E Hannon, P Loui, EH Margulis, ...
Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal 38 (2), 103-105
  2020
Recognition of musical emotions and their perceived intensity after unilateral brain damage
A Pralus, A Belfi, C Hirel, Y Lévêque, L Fornoni, E Bigand, J Jung, ...
Cortex 130, 78-93
  2020
Comparing Methods for Analyzing Music-Evoked Autobiographical Memories
AM Belfi, E Bai, A Stroud
Music Perception 37 (5), 392-402
  2020
Thaut, M. H., & Hodges, D. A. (Eds.). (2019). The Oxford Handbook of Music and the Brain
AM Belfi
Perception 49 (5), 606-607
  2020
Hooked on a Feeling: Influence of Brief Exposure to Familiar Music on Feelings of Emotion in Individuals with Alzheimer’s Disease
AE Reschke-Hernández, AM Belfi, E Guzmán-Vélez, D Tranel
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 1-13
  2020
Investigating a self-reference effect in musical aesthetics
A Kasdan, AM Belfi
Experimental Results 1
  2020
Pleasure
GG Starr, AM Belfi
Further Reading
  2020
Name That Tune: What Parts of Our Brains Do We Use for Naming Songs?
AM Belfi, D Tranel
Frontiers for Young Minds

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